Camel Behavioral Patterns during Migration and Travelling in Herds

The sight of a large herd of camels trudging through the desert is a remarkable one. How these creatures are able to endure the harsh conditions of long-distance migration is fascinating. From thirst and starvation to the effects of climate change, there are many factors that drive their journey. Traveling in large groups provides benefits such as safety, access to resources, and opportunities for socialization. It is intriguing to observe the leadership dynamics and communication patterns within these herds. While the challenges faced by camels during migration are numerous, they have developed unique adaptations that enable them to survive and thrive. In this article, we will delve deeper into the behavior of camels during migration and traveling in herds, highlighting the fascinating phenomenon that is worth understanding.

Camel behavior during migration: What drives them?

Camel Behavior During Migration: What Drives Them?
As humans, we often take for granted the ease and convenience of traveling from one place to another, but for animals, particularly desert dwellers such as camels, migration is a rigorous and arduous undertaking. The journey can span hundreds or even thousands of miles and can last several months. Understanding what drives camel behavior during migration is an essential aspect of comprehending their social lives and the unique adaptations that enable these animals to endure the harshest of environmental conditions. This section will discuss the factors that motivate these creatures to undertake such a perilous journey, including thirst and starvation, climate change, and its effects on the migration patterns of camel herds.

The pivotal role of thirst and starvation in their journey

Thirst and Starvation: The journey of camels during migration is not an easy feat. These animals often travel long distances in search of food and water.
Importance: Thirst and starvation play a pivotal role in driving camels to migrate. Camels require food and water to survive, and their search for these essential resources can take them across vast stretches of land.
Effects: During times of drought or when resources are scarce, the journey becomes even more difficult. Lack of water can lead to dehydration, which negatively affects the camel’s health and energy levels. Hunger is also a major concern, as camels require a large amount of food to sustain their bodies during arduous journeys.
Anchor: Climate change and other factors can exacerbate these challenges, making it even harder for camels to find the resources they need to survive.

Camels are resilient creatures and have adapted to survive in harsh environments. However, thirst and starvation remain major factors that drive their migratory behavior, as they require large amounts of water and food to thrive. During their journey, they often travel across long stretches of desert sands, where water and food resources are minimal. As a result, they must travel long distances in search of these essential resources.

The importance of thirst and starvation in the migratory behavior of camels cannot be overstated. Without access to food and water, these animals will quickly become dehydrated and unable to continue their journey. This can have serious consequences on their health and energy levels, which can negatively impact their ability to travel long distances.

These challenges are exacerbated during times of drought or when resources are scarce. In such situations, camels must travel even greater distances in search of the resources they need to survive. This can lead to physical exhaustion and fatigue, making it even more difficult for them to continue their journey.

Climate change and other factors can also exacerbate the challenges that camels face during migration. This highlights the importance of understanding the behavior of these remarkable animals and the various factors that impact their migration.

The effects of climate change on their journey

The effects of climate change on the journey of camels during migration cannot be ignored. As the earth’s climate continues to change, it is causing some unpredictable weather patterns that are affecting the survival of many animal species, including camels.

Camels are well adapted to living in hot and dry environments, but climate change has brought about increased temperatures, longer periods of drought, and unpredictable weather patterns. This has made it more difficult for camels to find enough food and water, which is vital for their survival during migration.

According to a recent study, it was found that the impacts of climate change on camel migration have resulted in changes to migration routes and increased travel distances. This is because the traditional routes used by camels have become more arduous, thereby making it more difficult for them to complete their journey without adequate food and water.

Furthermore, climate change has also led to an increase in the spread of diseases that affect camels during migration. The dry and dusty environment in which camels live makes them susceptible to respiratory diseases caused by fungal spores, which can be harmful to their survival during migration.

The impact of climate change on camel migration is a phenomenon worth understanding. It has not only affected their traditional migration routes but also drastically altered their way of life. To learn more about Camel social behavior, read our article on the importance of camel social behavior.

Why do camels travel in herds?

In the vastness of the desert, where survival is a challenge, camels have evolved to travel and survive in herds. Understanding why these animals choose to travel in groups can provide insights into their social dynamics and their adaptations to the harsh environment. From safety to mating, food, and socialization, there are numerous reasons why camels prefer to be in a group. Studying camel herds’ behavior can help us understand their social hierarchy, leadership dynamics, and communication methods. Let’s dive deeper into the reasons behind why these desert animals travel in herds. To understand their group behavior, we need to examine the social factors that influence their decision making to navigate the vast desert.

Safety and protection

When camels travel in herds during migration, they do so to ensure safety and protection. It is a well-known fact that there is strength in numbers, and this holds true for camels as well. With many sets of eyes and ears on the lookout for potential dangers, it is much less likely that any individual camel will fall prey to predators. Adult camels are known to protect and defend weaker members of the herd, such as camel calves or elderly camels, from potential threats.

Camels are also known to use their sheer size and strength as a way to intimidate potential predators. When faced with a threat, they will form a protective circle around the most vulnerable members of the herd, with the alpha male and female taking up positions at the front of the group. This is also one of the ways they establish their social hierarchy and leadership roles within the herd.

In addition to protection from predators, traveling in a herd provides camels with a greater opportunity to find resources such as food and water. When grazing or foraging for food, a larger herd can cover more ground and find more sources of sustenance. This is especially important in areas where resources may be scarce or unpredictable due to climatic factors, as discussed in the previous section.

Traveling in a herd also provides opportunities for mating and socialization among the members. This allows them to strengthen social bonds and form friendships, as well as establish social norms and practices. Communication is also key in maintaining the cohesion of the group and ensuring its continued survival. For more information on communication methods among camel herds, please refer to the relevant section below.

Need for resources

Camels are known for their ability to travel long distances, and among them, herding is a common phenomenon. There are several reasons why camels travel in herds, one of them being the need for resources.

Food is one of the crucial resources that camels require during their journey. A single camel can consume up to 70 kg of vegetation in a day, which means that a herd of camels needs to consume a significant amount of food to sustain the journey. It is essential for camels to travel in herds to ensure that they can find enough food for all the members.

Water, another important resource, is not readily available in the desert terrain. Camels can go for several days without water, but maintaining hydration is critical for their survival. Herding ensures that when one camel finds water, the whole herd can benefit from it.

Shelter is also required to protect camels from extreme weather conditions such as sandstorms and the scorching desert sun. Herding allows camels to huddle together, providing shelter for each other and protecting themselves from the harsh environment.

The need for resources goes beyond survival; the resources form the foundation upon which camel societies are built. The availability of food, water, and shelter are essential for building social bonds and maintaining the leadership hierarchy. When resources are scarce, individuals compete, and a hierarchy is established where only the strongest and most aggressive, often the alpha male, gets access to the limited resources. In contrast, when resources are plenty, members cooperate and form close bonds.

The need for resources is a significant driving force behind the herding behavior exhibited by camels. Herding allows them to find food, water, and shelter and to build social bonds and maintain their leadership hierarchy. To know how these camels communicate within their herds during migration, read Communication methods among camel herds.

Mating and socialization

When it comes to understanding why camels travel in herds, mating and socialization play a significant role. During the mating season, which typically takes place in the winter months, male camels will often compete for the attention of female camels. This competition can lead to fierce battles between males, with the winner earning the right to mate with the female.

However, it’s not just about reproduction. Camels are also highly social animals that enjoy interacting with each other. They form strong social bonds and friendships that last for many years. These social connections are important because they help to ensure the survival of the herd.

One interesting phenomenon that occurs during mating season is the formation of mating groups. These groups are made up of several males and females, and they travel together for several weeks. During this time, the males continue to compete for the attention of the females, but they also form friendships and alliances with each other.

In addition to mating season, socialization is important in other areas of a camel’s life. They use various methods of communication to interact with each other, including vocalizations, body language, and grooming. These interactions help them build trust and form strong relationships, which are crucial when traveling together in herds.

Studies have also shown that aggression can play a role in camel social behavior. For example, when a new camel joins a herd, they may be subjected to aggression from the other members. This aggression can be physical or verbal and is often a way for the herd to establish a social hierarchy.

The importance of mating and socialization in camel behavior reinforces the idea that these animals are highly sociable and complex creatures. By learning more about their social dynamics, we can gain a greater understanding of how they survive and thrive in the wild. To learn more about leadership dynamics in camel societies, click here.

Leadership dynamics in camel herds

Leadership Dynamics In Camel Herds
As with many herd animals, there are leadership dynamics that exist within camel herds. Understanding these dynamics can be crucial in comprehending the behavior and decision-making processes during migration. The camels’ social structure is built upon a hierarchy, which consists of both the alpha male and alpha female, as well as their respective subordinates. The alpha pair’s roles differ, and together they play critical roles in the herd’s safety, but also in guiding the herd’s movements in times of migration. In this section, we’ll delve deeper into the leadership dynamics of camel herds and explore the roles of the alpha pair, and their subordinates.

The role of the alpha male and female

In camel herds, there is a clear and distinct hierarchy, with one dominant male and female pair playing the role of the alpha animals. These alpha camels play a crucial role in terms of decision-making and ensuring the safety and well-being of the herd.

The role of the alpha male: The alpha male camel is typically the strongest and most powerful in the herd. He is responsible for leading the group during migration and fending off any potential threats to the group’s safety. His dominance is often asserted through aggressive behavior towards other male camels, particularly during mating season. The alpha male also plays a key role in maintaining the stability of the herd during migration, keeping the group moving forward and ensuring that stragglers are not left behind.

The role of the alpha female: The alpha female camel is equally important in terms of leadership and decision-making. She is responsible for choosing the best routes during migration and making decisions about when and where to rest and forage. She is also responsible for leading the herd to water sources, as well as choosing the best locations for giving birth and raising young. The alpha female’s dominance is often established through her ability to form strong social bonds with other females in the group.

The alpha male and female camels work closely together to ensure the survival of the herd. They are often observed communicating with one another using a range of verbal and non-verbal cues (more on this in the Communication patterns during migration section).

It’s worth noting that while the alpha male and female camels may be the most dominant members of the herd, they do not have absolute power or control over the group. Rather, their leadership is earned through their ability to keep the herd safe, healthy, and moving forward. To maintain their position as leaders, they must remain alert and responsive to the needs of the herd, while also taking into account the opinions and behaviors of other group members.

The alpha male and female camels are critical to the success of the herd. Their leadership and decision-making abilities ensure the survival of the group, while also maintaining a stable and cohesive social structure. For more information on camel social behavior, check out our article on camel friendships and social bonds, as well as the role of aggression in camel social behavior.

Role Responsibilities Methods of Dominance
Alpha Male Lead the herd during migration, fend off threats, maintain stability Physical aggression towards other male camels
Alpha Female Choose migration routes, find resources, lead herd to water sources Form strong social bonds with other females in the group

Decision-making processes during migration

During migration, camels exhibit remarkable decision-making processes that enable them to travel long distances with their herds. Despite the absence of a defined leader, the herd follows a set of guidelines that govern their travel.

These guidelines are determined by a set of factors, including:

Factor How it affects decision-making
Environmental cues Camels use environmental cues such as the position of the sun, wind direction, and scent markings to determine the direction of travel.
Resource availability Camels are constantly looking for sources of food and water. They make decisions on how long to stay at a certain location based on the availability of these resources.
Social dynamics Camels rely on the alpha male and female to make decisions regarding the safety and well-being of the herd. Other members of the herd may also provide input to the decision-making process.
Individual needs Camels may make individual decisions based on their own needs, such as seeking shade or avoiding dangerous terrain.

The decision-making process during migration is driven by a combination of environmental and social factors that enable the herd to work together towards a common goal. This is an excellent example of the effectiveness of a collective decision-making process in achieving a successful outcome.

Communication patterns during migration

As with any animal migration, communication is a critical component of a camel herd’s journey. The ability to relay information and understand one another’s cues is necessary for the group’s survival. Despite the fact that camels are typically viewed as stubborn and solitary animals, they have their own intricate verbal and non-verbal communication system to navigate through their migration. In this segment of the article, we will explore the communication patterns of camels during migration and their communication methods with other herds.

Verbal and non-verbal cues used by camels

Camels have a complex communication system that involves both verbal and non-verbal cues.

Verbal Cues

Camels use a range of vocalizations to communicate with each other during migration and traveling in herds. These include grunting, moaning, and snorting. Each vocalization serves a specific purpose. For example, grunting is used to indicate aggression or frustration while moaning is a sign of distress or pain.

Non-Verbal Cues

Camels also use several non-verbal cues to communicate with each other. For instance, they use their tails to indicate their mood. A twitching tail may indicate boredom, while a tightly tucked tail may indicate aggression. They also use their ears to communicate. Erect ears indicate alertness, while flattened ears indicate aggression or submission.

Body posture and movements are another essential means of communication among camels. They use various postures to convey different messages, such as the submission pose, which involves lowering the head and neck, indicating surrender.

The table below summarizes verbal and non-verbal cues used by camels for communication during migration and traveling in herds:

Verbal Cues Non-Verbal Cues
Grunting Twitching Tail
Moaning Erect Ears
Snorting Flattened Ears
Body Posture and Movements

Understanding these cues is essential in interpreting camel behavior during migration and traveling in herds.

Communication among herds

Camels are social animals and traveling in herds allows them to communicate with one another. Communication among herds is crucial during migration as it helps them coordinate their journey, alert each other of potential danger and locate water sources. Here are some ways that camels communicate among herds:

  • Visual cues: Camels use visual cues such as body posture and facial expressions to communicate with one another. A dominant camel will hold its head and tail high to show its status, while a submissive camel will lower its head and raise its tail to show respect.
  • Auditory cues: Camels also use auditory cues to communicate among herds. They can make different noises such as grunts, moans and snorts to alert each other of danger or to locate each other. The alpha male and female often communicate with the herd through sounds, which helps to maintain order and direction.
  • Olfactory cues: In addition to visual and auditory cues, camels also use olfactory cues to communicate among herds. They can recognize each other’s scent, which helps them to identify herd members and maintain social bonds. They also use scent marking to establish territories and attract mates.

These various communication methods are essential for the success of the herd during migration. By understanding each other’s cues and vocalizations, camels are able to maintain the safety and well-being of the entire group.

Challenges faced by camels during migration and travelling in herds

Challenges Faced By Camels During Migration And Travelling In Herds
As resilient as camels may seem during their migration and herd travels, they are not immune to the many challenges that come with the arduous journey. From physical exhaustion and fatigue to predation and disease outbreaks, survival becomes a day-to-day struggle for these animals. Understanding the challenges faced by camels during migration is essential in developing conservation and management strategies to protect these unique creatures. Let us delve deeper into the various hurdles that camels encounter during their migration and herd travels.

Physical exhaustion and fatigue

One of the biggest challenges that camels face during migration and travelling in herds is the physical exhaustion and fatigue they experience. It’s no easy task to travel vast distances across harsh and unforgiving terrain, especially when carrying heavy loads or young calves.

Here are some key factors that contribute to physical exhaustion and fatigue in camels:

  • Dehydration: As previously mentioned, dehydration is a major driving force for camels during migration. However, when water sources are scarce, camels may become dehydrated, leading to muscle cramps, weakness, and decreased stamina.
  • Lack of rest: Camels may travel for days or even weeks without proper rest, which can take a toll on their physical health. They may experience muscle fatigue, soreness, and decreased energy.
  • Extreme temperatures: Camels are accustomed to living in high temperatures, but extreme heat coupled with intense physical activity can result in heat exhaustion, dehydration, and even death.
  • Shortage of food: Camels need adequate food to maintain their strength and energy levels. However, food sources can be sparse during migration, leading to weight loss and weakness.

It’s important to note that physical exhaustion and fatigue in camels can not only be detrimental to their health but can also impact the herd’s migration progress. When camels tire out, they may slow the pace of the herd or even stop altogether, which can be problematic for a group that needs to cover great distances to reach their destination.

Disease outbreaks

Disease outbreaks can be a major challenge for camels during migration and travelling in herds. These outbreaks can occur due to various reasons, such as crowded living conditions, lack of proper hygiene, and weak immune systems. Some common diseases that camels can fall victim to include:

  • Camel Pox: A highly infectious viral disease transmitted through mosquito bites, this can cause fever, skin lesions, and even death in severe cases.
  • Anthrax: A bacterial disease that can infect both humans and animals, camels can contract this disease through the consumption of contaminated food or water. Anthrax can cause sudden death, fever, and severe internal bleeding.
  • Foot and Mouth Disease: This highly contagious viral disease can affect many livestock species, including camels. It spreads rapidly through direct contact or through contaminated objects, causing fever, weight loss, and reduced milk and meat production.
  • Brucellosis: This bacterial disease can be contracted through the consumption of contaminated milk, meat, or other animal products. It can also be transmitted sexually, causing infertility and miscarriages in females, and swollen testicles in males.

These diseases can have a devastating effect on camel herds, leading to sickness, loss of productivity, and even death. It is important for camel herders to take preventive measures and provide their animals with the necessary vaccinations and medical attention to reduce the risk of disease outbreaks. Proper hygiene practices, such as regular cleaning of food and water containers, can also go a long way in preventing the spread of diseases among the herd.


Predation is another significant challenge faced by camels during migration and when travelling in herds. They are often targeted by various predators such as lions, hyenas, and wolves. These predators see camels as a potential source of food during the migration journey, making it important for camels to stay alert and vigilant at all times.

So how do camels protect themselves from predators during migration?

  • One adaptation camels have is their ability to run at speeds of up to 40 miles per hour. This allows them to outrun predators that may target them during migration.
  • Camels also have strong, sturdy legs that allow them to kick predators and defend themselves.
  • Camels often travel in herds which provide them with added protection against predators. When one camel senses danger, it will alert the others and they will all band together to protect themselves.

However, despite these adaptations, predators still pose a significant threat to camels during migration. In some cases, they may target a lone camel that has strayed away from the herd, or they may overpower a weaker or injured camel. This highlights the importance of staying together as a herd and maintaining a sense of community and protection during the journey.

Adaptations that enable camels to migrate long distances and travel in herds

When it comes to migration and travelling in herds, camels have unique adaptations that allow them to endure the harsh conditions of their environment. These adaptations have been refined over centuries through natural selection, and are what make camels such fascinating creatures to study. From their tough feet and legs to their ability to drink large amounts of water, the camel’s adaptations are a testament to their resilience and survival instincts. In this section, we will examine these adaptations in detail and explore how they contribute to the camel’s success in migration and herd travel.

Their tough feet and legs

Camels are able to migrate long distances and travel in herds thanks to their unique adaptations. One of the most important adaptations is their tough feet and legs. The hooves of camels are broad and rounded, allowing them to easily navigate through various terrains, including rocky or sandy areas. Additionally, their toes are spread widely apart, providing increased stability and balance as they trek across uneven and steep surfaces.

The skin on their legs is thick and calloused, which protects them from various hazards such as sharp rocks, thorns, and insect bites. The long, powerful leg muscles of camels are adapted for efficient movement over long distances, enabling them to carry their heavy bodies across vast expanses of desert with ease.

In addition to their unique feet and legs, camels also have a special circulatory system in their legs that allows them to conserve water. Unlike other animals, their veins and arteries are situated close together, so as their blood circulates through their body, it helps to recycle any water that would otherwise be lost through sweating.

These adaptations make camels incredibly well-suited for long-distance migration and travelling in herds, allowing them to survive and thrive in some of the harshest environments on Earth.

Their unique humps

One of the most fascinating adaptations of camels is their unique humps, which are made up of adipose tissue that stores energy-rich fat. These humps serve as a source of nourishment for the camels during long periods of food scarcity that are inevitable during migration.

The size of the humps varies depending on the species of the camel and their living environment. Bactrian camels, which are found in Central Asia, have two humps, while dromedary camels, which are found in North Africa and the Middle East, have only one.

Camels can survive for long periods without water by using the fat stored in their humps for energy. In fact, they can go up to several weeks without drinking any water, which makes them well-suited for travelling through arid and semi-arid regions.

The shape and position of the humps are perfectly adapted to the harsh environment in which camels live. By placing the humps on their backs, camels reduce the amount of heat that their bodies absorb from the sun, which helps them regulate their body temperature and avoid dehydration.

In addition to their role in storing energy and regulating body temperature, the humps of camels are also used in social communication. During courtship, male camels use their humps to attract females by enlarging and displaying them. The size and shape of the humps are also indicators of the health and fitness of the camels, which can influence their dominance within the herd.

The unique humps of camels are a testament to their remarkable ability to adapt to their environment and thrive in even the most challenging conditions.

Ability to drink large amounts of water

Camels have the remarkable ability to drink large amounts of water, which is a crucial factor in their ability to migrate and travel in herds. Their specialized physiology and behavior make them well-adapted to living in arid climates where water is scarce.

One of the most unique features of a camel’s ability to drink water is their ability to consume up to 30 gallons of water in just 13 minutes. That’s an incredible feat considering that most mammals would be unable to consume that much water in a single sitting. This is thanks to their elongated and flexible snouts, which allow them to drink water quickly without the risk of drowning.

Another adaptation that enables camels to drink large amounts of water is their ability to extract water from their food. When a camel eats, the food is broken down and the water is stored in their bloodstream. This allows them to go for long periods without drinking water and survive in dry, desert climates where water is scarce. In fact, a camel can go up to seven days without water, which is an impressive survival mechanism.

Camels have also evolved to have the unique ability to tolerate high levels of dehydration. Unlike other mammals, a camel can lose up to 25% of its body weight in water without suffering from dehydration. This is because their brain has adapted to operate differently when water is scarce. They are able to conserve water by reducing their perspiration, slowing down their metabolism, and reabsorbing water from their urine.

Camels’ ability to drink large amounts of water is a remarkable adaptation that has allowed them to thrive in harsh desert environments. Their elongated snouts, the ability to extract water from their food, and the ability to tolerate high levels of dehydration are all critical components that have enabled them to survive for thousands of years.

Adaptation: Explanation:
Elongated and flexible snouts Allows camels to drink water quickly without the risk of drowning, enabling them to consume up to 30 gallons of water in just 13 minutes.
Ability to extract water from their food Camels can store water in their bloodstream after consuming food, which allows them to survive without drinking water for long periods of time.
Ability to tolerate high levels of dehydration Camels can lose up to 25% of their body weight in water without experiencing dehydration, thanks to a variety of physiological adaptations that help them conserve water.


In conclusion, the behavior of camels during migration and travelling in herds is a fascinating phenomenon worth understanding. The journey of camels is driven by thirst and starvation, as they travel long distances in search of water and food. Climate change has also had an impact on their journey, pushing them to adapt to new environments and conditions.

Camels travel in herds for safety and protection, as well as to find the resources necessary for their survival. The need for mating and socialization also drives them to travel together. Within these herds, leadership dynamics play a crucial role, with alpha males and females leading and making important decisions.

Communication patterns during migration are complex and involve both verbal and non-verbal cues. Camels communicate with each other to coordinate movement and share information about resources and potential threats. These communication patterns are essential for their survival.

Challenges faced by camels during migration and travelling in herds include physical exhaustion and fatigue, disease outbreaks, and predation. However, camels have evolved unique adaptations that enable them to overcome these challenges. Their tough feet and legs, unique humps, and ability to drink large amounts of water are all crucial for their survival.

Overall, the behavior of camels during migration and travelling in herds is a testament to their remarkable adaptability and resilience. By understanding their behavior, we can gain a greater appreciation for these amazing animals and their role in maintaining the delicate balance of our ecosystems.

Frequently Asked Questions

Question 1?

Do all camel species exhibit the same migration behavior?


No, migration behavior patterns may differ depending on the species of camel.

Question 2?

How long can a camel travel without water during migration?


Camels can go up to two weeks without water during migration due to their unique physiological adaptations.

Question 3?

Why do camels travel faster in hot weather conditions?


Camels travel faster in hot weather conditions because they can regulate their body temperature and cool down faster.

Question 4?

What is the difference between a camel’s hump and a dromedary’s hump?


Dromedary camels have a single hump which is used to store fat, while Bactrian camels have two humps which store fat and aid in temperature regulation.

Question 5?

What is the significance of the alpha male and female in camel herds?


The alpha male and female in a herd are usually the strongest and most experienced camels, and they play a crucial role in leading the herd during migration.

Question 6?

Can camels communicate with each other during migration?


Yes, camels communicate with each other through a variety of verbal and non-verbal cues, such as grunts, groans, and body language.

Question 7?

What are the major challenges camels face during migration?


Camels face a range of challenges during migration, including physical exhaustion, disease outbreaks, and predation.

Question 8?

Are there any conservation efforts in place to protect camel herds during migration?


Yes, there are several conservation organizations that are working to protect camel populations and prevent habitat loss and poaching.

Question 9?

Can camels survive without traveling in herds?


While camels can survive without traveling in herds, they are social animals and tend to gather in groups for safety, resources, and socialization.

Question 10?

Are there any economic benefits associated with camel migration?


Camel migration can provide economic benefits such as tourism, as many people flock to witness the phenomenon of camel migration every year.